Home > Fraud Awareness, SID Information > Managed care organizations (MCOs): Medically managing claims and combating fraud

Managed care organizations (MCOs): Medically managing claims and combating fraud

BWC contracts with managed care organizations (MCOs) to provide several services to both employers and injured workers. The primary service they provide is case management of the medical services the injured worker needs to get better and return to work at the earliest, safest interval. In providing medical case management services, MCOs are in close contact with injured workers, providers of record, and employers to promote the delivery of treatment and a timely return to work.

To provide effective case management, MCOs furnish core medical services, such as:

  • Ongoing contact with the injured worker to assist in finding a physician to provide treatment, to assess their work status, and to help move treatment forward;
  • Ongoing contact with the provider of record (the injured worker’s lead physician) to determine the best treatment plan or plan of care for the injured worker, the status of treatment, and the injured worker’s work restrictions, if any;
  • Ongoing contact with the employer to determine the injured worker’s work status and the availability of light duty or restricted work; and
  • Constant coordination between the provider of record and employer regarding treatment expectations and facilitation of a safe and efficient return to work.

While performing these services, the MCO is in position to identify potential fraudulent activity. After being in close contact with the provider and having knowledge of a specific claim, often the MCO may be alerted to inconsistencies or red flags. Meticulous reviews of the medical documentation and provider billing data may detect errors and fraud. If fraud is suspected, the MCO should timely report such to BWC for investigation. This obligation of each MCO to combat fraud is specified in a signed MCO agreement with BWC. The obligation includes:

“The MCO agrees to identify and report any suspected fraudulent or deceptive behavior committed by injured workers, employers, providers or any other person or entity…”

This fraud detection and reporting obligation is essential. To support each MCO in meeting its obligation, we furnish clear guidance and direction, as specified in an 8-page appendix to the MCO agreement, entitled “Special Investigations – MCO Fraud Reporting and Referral Requirements.” For example, each MCO is required to establish and maintain an effective fraud detection and corrections program. We furnish orientation and training to MCOs in how to meet this requirement because they can and should detect fraud.

A Case in Point

An MCO employee furnished an allegation to the SID Health Care Provider Team (HCPT) pertaining to a provider. The source detected the provider subject was over-prescribing in claims.

HCPT conducted an investigation in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Justice – Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and a local law enforcement vice unit. The multi-agency investigation included an undercover operation, a search warrant, and interviews with patients, employees and former employees. The investigation found the subject billed for services not rendered, upcoded bills, tampered with records, and engaged in drug trafficking. Even while under investigation, the subject voluntarily surrendered his DEA certificate. The State Medical Board of Ohio permanently revoked the subject’s license to practice medicine in the State of Ohio.

The case resulted in the identification of savings to the Ohio workers’ compensation system of more than $685,000. The Office of the United States Attorneys for Ohio’s Northern District is currently reviewing the case for prosecutorial merit.

Be on the Lookout

Look for our next fraud awareness article that will conclude this series pertaining to provider fraud. Meanwhile, be sure to read more about provider fraud investigations in our SID FY 2011 Annual Report.

If you suspect that a subject is committing workers’ compensation fraud, let us know. You may report it online at http://bit.ly/reportfraud or you may speak with a fraud hotline agent by calling 1-800-OHIOBWC.

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