Home > Fraud Awareness, SID Information > Make ‘em pay for it: The Employer Fraud Team

Make ‘em pay for it: The Employer Fraud Team

When employers fail to comply with the workers’ compensation system, SID’s Employer Fraud Team responds to ensure compliance and integrity of the system. During the last two years, their investigations have resulted in over 160 criminal referrals and 60 convictions. Be sure to read more about the Employer Fraud Team’s success in our SID FY 2011 Annual Report.

SID has recently increased its staffing to combat employer fraud, such as, misclassifying employees as independent contractors.

Misclassification: A National Issue

BWC, as well as other federal and state agencies, continue to see misclassification as a major issue. Employers that misclassify their employees as independent contractors have an unfair advantage as they compete against employers operating legitimately.

What’s misclassification? Here’s a quick overview:

Misclassification occurs when an employer claims a person as an independent contractor, when they should be classified as an employee.

Workers are generally considered employees when someone else controls how and when they perform their work. In contrast, independent contractors are generally in business for themselves and control how and when they perform services.

In addition to legitimate businesses, federal, state and local governments also lose when employers intentionally misclassify employees. Employers are required to withhold taxes from employees’ pay and also pay taxes, such as Social Security, Medicare, unemployment and workers’ compensation, based on their employees’ wages. Employers generally do not have to withhold or paid taxes for independent contractors.

Misclassification costs the State of Ohio millions. A 2009 report by the Ohio Attorney General estimated that Ohio has 92,500 misclassified workers. This level of misclassification annually costs the state up to $20 million in unemployment taxes, up to $103 million in workers’ compensation premiums and up to $36 million in income tax revenue.

To combat this issue, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) launched a program last year to randomly examine 6,000 companies over the course of three years to specifically address employee misclassification. The federal government estimates the program will generate $7 billion in 10 years through tighter enforcement.

BWC’s Special Investigations Department continues to pursue exchanging data with partners and reviewing our own data to ensure employers pay their fair share or else we make ‘em pay for it.

This concludes our employer fraud awareness series. Look for our next fraud series awareness series on claimant fraud.

If you suspect that an employer is not paying their fair share of premiums, let us know. You may report it online at http://bit.ly/reportfraud or you may speak with a fraud hotline agent by calling 1-800-OHIOBWC.

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